2. However, a decision taken under paragraph 1 shall not release the Party concerned from its obligations under Article 11 of this Agreement in respect of a seafarer to whom it has issued a travel document, unless the application for admission to its territory is submitted to that Party by another Party more than 120 days after the expiry of that travel document. (b)the Contracting Party in which he last resided legally as a refugee after 31 December 1945 and before the entry into force of this Agreement; or if there is no such party, the Global Compact on Migration is the first United Nations global agreement on a common approach to international migration in all its dimensions. The Global Compact is not legally binding. It is based on the values of State sovereignty, responsibility-sharing, non-discrimination and human rights, and recognizes that a cooperative approach is needed to maximize the overall benefits of migration while addressing its risks and challenges for individuals and communities in countries of origin, transit and destination. (b)»maritime refugee» means any person who, as a refugee within the meaning of Article 1 of the Convention and the declaration or notification of the State Party concerned in accordance with Section B of that Article, is a seafarer in any capacity on board a merchant ship or who habitually earns his living as a seafarer on such a ship. The 1967 Protocol abolished time limits and applied to refugees «without geographical restriction», but declarations previously made by Parties to the Convention on Territorial Scope have been preserved.  Over time and with the emergence of new refugee situations, it has become increasingly necessary to apply the provisions of the 1951 Convention to these new refugees. The model cooperation agreement between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and each of the resettlement agencies defines the services to be provided by the agency. The R&P program provides resettlement agencies with a one-time payment per refugee to cover expenses during a refugee`s first three months in the United States, but the program provides that sponsoring agencies will contribute significant amounts in cash or in kind to supplement U.S. government funding. The Convention was approved at a special United Nations conference on 28 July 1951 and entered into force on 22 April 1954.
It was initially limited to the protection of European refugees before 1 January 1951 (after the Second World War), although states could declare that the provisions would apply to refugees from other places. Representatives of resettlement agencies meet frequently to review biographical information and other case files sent by the State Department`s Overseas Resettlement Support Centers (SCNs) to balance the special needs of each arriving refugee with the specific resources in U.S. communities. Through this process, they determine which resettlement agency is sponsored and where each refugee is initially relocated to the United States. The Contracting Party in whose territory a seafarer is legally resident or is considered to be lawfully resident under this Agreement for the purposes of Article 28 of the Convention shall, at the request of the Contracting Party in whose territory that seafarer is situated, take him or her to its territory. a refugee seafarer who does not reside legally in the territory of a State and who does not have the right to be admitted for the purpose of such residence in the territory of a State other than a State in which he has a well-founded fear of persecution on account of his race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion; can be considered legally resident in the territory for the purposes of Article 28 of the Convention – The Convention relating to the Status of Refugees is based on Article 14 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which recognizes the right of individuals to seek asylum from persecution in other countries. .